NYC StudentsNYC ParentsNYC Teachers Math NYC

Strands


Standards for each grade are grouped together by content and process strands.
nysed.gov describe these two groups of strands as:

^top

Process Strands


The process strands (Problem Solving, Reasoning and Proof, Communication, Connections, and Representation) highlight ways of acquiring and using content knowledge. These process strands help to give meaning to mathematics and help students to see mathematics as a discipline rather than a set of isolated skills. Student engagement in mathematical content is accomplished through these process strands. Students will gain a better understanding of mathematics and have longer retention of mathematical knowledge as they solve problems, reason mathematically, prove mathematical relationships, participate in mathematical discourse, make mathematical connections, and model and represent mathematical ideas in a variety of ways.

^top

Content Strands


The content strands (Number Sense and Operations, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, and Statistics and Probability) explicitly describe the content that students should learn. Each school’s mathematics curriculum developed from these strands should include a broad range of content. This broad range of content, taught in an integrated fashion, allows students to see how various mathematics knowledge is related, not only within mathematics, but also to other disciplines and the real world as well. The performance indicators listed under each band within a strand are intended to assist teachers in determining what the outcomes of instruction should be. The instruction should engage students in the construction of this knowledge and should integrate conceptual understanding and problem solving with these performance indicators. The performance indicators should not be viewed as a checklist of skills void of understanding and application.

^top

Number Sense and Operations Strand


Students will:

•understand numbers, multiple ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems;
•understand meanings of operations and procedures, and how they relate to one another;
•compute accurately and make reasonable estimates.

^top

Algebra Strand


Students will:

•represent and analyze algebraically a wide variety of problem solving situations;
•perform algebraic procedures accurately;
•recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions.

^top

Geometry Strand


Students will:

•use visualization and spatial reasoning to analyze characteristics and properties of geometric shapes;
•identify and justify geometric relationships, formally and informally;
•apply transformations and symmetry to analyze problem solving situations;
•apply coordinate geometry to analyze problem solving situations.

^top

Measurement Strand


Students will:

•determine what can be measured and how, using appropriate methods and formulas;
•use units to give meaning to measurements;
•understand that all measurement contains error and be able to determine its significance;
•develop strategies for estimating measurements.

^top

Statistics and Probability Strand


Students will:

•collect, organize, display, and analyze data;
•make predictions that are based upon data analysis;
•understand and apply concepts of probability.

^top

Problem Solving Strand


Students will:

•build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving;
•solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts;
•apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems;
•monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.

^top

Reasoning and Proof Strand


Students will:

•recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics;
•make and investigate mathematical conjectures;
•develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs;
•select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.

^top

Communication Strand


Students will:

•organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication;
•communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others;
•analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others;
•use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.

^top

Connections Strand


Students will:

•recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas;
•understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a coherent whole;
•recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.

^top

Representation Strand


Students will:

•create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas;
•select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve problems;
•use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.

^top



© 2017 Math NYC. All Rights Reserved. Privacy. Contact us. Link to us